Golf as a sport consists on players selecting one of the various club types available and hitting the ball around a course avoiding obstacles and traps.

In the sport of golf dealing with different terrains and its featured traps is a vital part of the game. The length of a course tends to be 18 holes for official golf courses and 9 holes for recreational courses. The terrains available vary, many of them functioning as a trap to impede a quick reaching of the hole at the end of the course, they include sand traps, rocks, water bodies, and long grass. Every course features a layout of its own.

The aim of golf is to have the lowest number of strokes overall at the end of the match that comprehend the 18 holes played. The country with most golf courses per capita is Scotland.