Otherwise known as a gun range, it is a facility designed specifically for firearms practice and training. While shooting ranges are operated by military or law enforcement agencies as part of their standard training procedure inside their compounds, the majority of ranges are privately-owned and cater to shooting aficionados. Each has the watchful oversight of one or more instruction personnel, often called the range safety officer (RSO) in the US, or a range conducting officer (RCO) within the UK. The personnel is responsible for ensuring that all weapon safety rules are followed at all time and complies with government regulations.

Gun ranges can be outdoor or indoors, specialized solely to certain types of firearm that can be used such as handguns or rifles, or they can specialize in certain shooting disciplines such as skeet shooting. Certain calibers and automatic weapons are restricted and barred from most ranges.